Short Road Extension is Long on Challenges

The new extension to University Boulevard now under construction in Sugar Land, Texas, is only 0.5 mi long, but there are an extraordinary number of engineering challenges in that half a mile, including a new rail crossing at grade, an elevated water line, and a bridge that spans a Union Pacific Railroad line and a stream named Oyster Creek. When complete, the four-lane divided highway will provide a crucial link in a rapidly developing part of this city of more than 100,000 residents near the Gulf Coast.

New Educational Facilities to Break Ground in Baytown

Goose Creek Consolidated Independent School District plans to break ground on two new school buildings next month. The nearly 24,000-student school district plans to build an agricultural science center and a technology center in Baytown, southeast of Houston. .

LAN Promotes Tyson Thomas to San Antonio Office Infrastructure Leader

Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) promoted its Vice President E. Tyson Thomas, P.E., to the position of office infrastructure leader and regional manager. As the leader of LAN’s San Antonio infrastructure team, Thomas will be responsible for expanding the office’s water, wastewater and drainage services.

“Ty is a longtime LAN veteran,” said LAN President Dennis Petersen, P.E. “I’m excited about the leadership Ty will provide to our San Antonio office and clients, and I’m looking forward to a duplication of the long-term success he has achieved throughout his career.”

LAN Expands Infrastructure Services in California with Four Key Hires

Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) is expanding its infrastructure services in California.

To help with this expansion, LAN added four key hires. M. Cenk Yavas, P.E., D.WRE, joins the firm as vice president and water resources team leader. Frederick Wickman, P.E., joins as a senior project manager. Mark Vargas and Brian Robertson, P.E., will serve as senior project coordinator and project engineer, respectively. The team, who previously worked at Atkins – a global civil engineering firm, brings more than 75 years of combined experience planning and designing infrastructure projects in various counties throughout California.

Brian Broussard, P.E., Joins LAN as Regional Water Resources Manager

Brian Broussard, P.E., joins planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) as its regional water resources manager. In this role, Broussard will serve as a technical advisor for LAN’s water and wastewater practice, assist with project pursuits, mentor the firm’s water and wastewater engineers, direct and coordinate production and operations, and provide quality assurance on projects. He will also help lead LAN’s Montgomery County office located in the heart of Conroe.

AWWA Appoints Christine Kirby and Justin Reeves as Voting Members to Standards Committees

The American Water Works Association (AWWA) has appointed Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) engineers Christine Kirby, P.E., and Justin Reeves, P.E., as voting members to various standards committees.

'Statement’ school campus to break ground east of Houston

Sheldon Independent School District is bursting at the seams. The 9,000-student school district, located in the booming petrochemical corridor northeast of Houston, is the second fastest-growing school district in the Houston area, only behind Tomball. .

In northeast Harris County, sprawling school campus adds to booming growth

A sprawling new K-12 campus for little Sheldon Independent School District is the newest addition in the pipeline to rapid growth in northeast Harris County, with construction set to begin this month.

Muhammad Ali: A Multi-National Perspective

In the following Q&A with Civil + Structural Engineer (C+S), Ali describes his diverse experiences from the Middle East to Russia to London to Houston and how that has impacted his career in civil engineering.

City of Houston Set To Begin Work on 16.5-Mile Northeast Transmission Water Line

Houston’s new Northeast Transmission Water Line will bring an additional 96 million gallons per day (mgd) of water to the city, plus 269 mgd to local water authorities. Construction is anticipated to start later this year, with the first in a series of segments set to be up for proposals next month. With a maximum diameter of 120 in., the line will be the largest to be built in the city, says Venus Price, supervising engineer for the Houston’s Dept. of Public Works and Engineering.

LAN Promotes Kerry L. Gregg to Vice President

Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) promoted its senior associate and director of marketing, Kerry L. Gregg, to the position of vice president. Gregg, who joined LAN in 2012, leads the firm’s marketing team in developing and implementing corporate and proposal marketing, media relations and social media initiatives companywide.

“Kerry has become one of the firm’s most valuable employees,” said Arnie Cohen, P.E., LAN’s vice president. “His marketing expertise and unique perspective have been invaluable to our firm and has played a critical role in the firm’s growth.”

City of Ennis Selects LAN to Develop Union Pacific Railroad Safety Zone

The City of Ennis selected planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) to develop a safety zone along the Union Pacific Railroad (UPRR) between the intersections of Martin Luther King Drive and Lampasas Street.

Built to Last

Most public transit fleets don’t include ferries, but some do. They’re a much cheaper way to move people, cars, and cargo across a body of water than building a bridge or tunnel.

Because it’s often featured in movies, the most famous is the New York City DOT’s 5-mile route between the boroughs of Manhattan and Staten Island. Running the service 24 hours a day seven days a week requires eight ferries. Halfway across the country, though, Texas DOT (TxDOT) has provided a similar service for almost as long.

Two Dimensional Capability Expands Flood Modeling Applications

The National Flood Insurance Program’s (NFIP) goal is to diminish the impact of flooding on private and public structures. It does so by providing affordable insurance to property owners and by encouraging communities to adopt and enforce floodplain management regulations. Hydraulic models have played a critical role in helping agencies and engineers determine floodplain limits.

LAN Makes Two Key Stormwater Hires

Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) made two key additions to its stormwater group. Burton Johnson, P.E., CFM, will serve as the director of stormwater programs in Houston while Brian Reis, P.E., CFM, will lead the firm’s stormwater management efforts in Central Texas as its infrastructure manager.

City of Houston Selects LAN to Model Water System

The City of Houston has selected Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) to develop an all-pipes hydraulic model of its water system. LAN’s scope of services will include water system model building, model calibration, master planning, utility operation support, and onsite staffing. The firm will also provide training for City staff to operate and maintain the hydraulic model.

Galveston Ferry Facility Upgraded For Functionality, Safety

The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) will begin construction early this year on a project to expand and modernize the bulkhead at the maintenance facility for the Galveston Port Bolivar ferry. The facility supports the operations of the ferry, which accommodates several million passengers a year. TxDOT hired Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) to assess the waterside and landside infrastructure.

NCTCOG Selects LAN Team to Conduct Dallas High-Speed Rail Station Area Planning Study

The North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG), the metropolitan planning organization for the Dallas-Fort Worth Region, selected the Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam (LAN) team to conduct a High-Speed Rail (HSR) station area planning study in downtown Dallas.

Laredo Int'l Leverages BiNational Customs Stations to Support Mexican Cargo Ops

In 2015, when overall U.S. foreign trade declined 5.6%, business was booming in Laredo, TX. In fact, trade was at a record high, and Laredo climbed to third in the nation-behind only Los Angeles and New York City. Laredo International Airport (LRD) was in a prime position to facilitate and leverage the boom, because it had equipped itself for increased cargo business by building and opening the only bi-national federal inspection station (FIS) in the United States.

LAN Promotes Two Employees to Team Leader

Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN), a planning, engineering and program management firm, has promoted Scott M. Harris, P.E., and Matthew J. Manges, P.E., to the position of team leader.

Built to Last

Preparing for a tropical storm event is a daunting task at best. Food, water, electrical power, gasoline and other necessary items need to be gathered and stored in some form or fashion. Buildings need to be bolstered and vehicles relocated and protected as best as possible. In the worst case scenario, an evacuation maybe necessary before the hurricane arrives.

City of Houston to Build Massive Waterline that will Serve More than 900,000 Homes in Harris County

The City of Houston will be advertising for bid in December 2016 the first three segments of a new 16.5 mile Northeast Transmission Waterline that will transmit surface water from the Northeast Water Purification Plant to four regional water authorities, Municipal Utility Districts (MUDs), and the City of Houston.

Kedrick Wright and Clement Medina Join LAN as Program Managers

Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) hired Clement Medina and Kedrick Wright as program managers. They will be responsible for planning, executing and finalizing the design and construction of K-12 school facilities and higher education projects. They also will be responsible for expanding the firm’s program management services in these markets.

CONTROLLING YOUR SYSTEM

Whether recognized or not, control Valves are everywhere in water and wastewater systems. From small applications, such as the quarter-inch valve in a faucet, to large applications, like the 30-in. valve controlling the water level in the local reservoir, it is important to select the proper valve for each individual application.

Brio Transforms El Paso Transportation

Like many cities, El Paso, Texas, once had a streetcar system serving walkable neighborhoods. However, decades of sprawling development, low-density subdivisions, and strip malls created a development pattern that was no longer conducive to efficient public transportation. In 2006, Sun Metro, El Paso’s mass transit department, charted a new course to reinvent its public transportation system. To this end, the city contracted with First Transit, Inc. to manage Sun Metro and modernize its transit systems.

Milpitas: BART extension employs ‘first of its kind’ security protocols

Along with getting two new Bay Area Rapid Transit stations, the Silicon Valley Berryessa Extension Project is also getting a cutting edge intrusion detection system along a segment of train tracks that uses video surveillance and sophisticated sensors to detect threats and, if necessary, can automatically stop BART trains.

Efficient Program Management Drives $267 Million Goose Creek CISD Makeover

BAYTOWN, Texas — Headquartered in Baytown is one of the fastest growing school districts in Texas — the Goose Creek Consolidated Independent School District (GCCISD). Driven by multi-billion dollar expansions at petrochemical companies such as ExxonMobil, Chevron and ConocoPhillips, this property-wealthy district is projecting more than 4,500 new students over the next decade, according to a demographic study.

Wastewater treatment plant rehabilitation improves operations, provides nutrient removal, and reduces power use

Conroe, Texas, is a rapidly growing metropolitan area approximately 20 miles north of Houston. Conroe currently has one wastewater treatment plant — the Southwest Regional Plant — which is permitted for an average flow of 10 million gallons per day (mgd), and currently treats approximately 8 mgd. The Southwest Regional Plant had not seen any effective rehabilitation efforts in more than 25 years. Originally built in 1974, the plant had major improvements in 1987 and 1991. An attempted energy improvement project undertaken in 2006, involving the installation of fine bubble diffusers and single-stage, high-speed blowers, was mostly unsuccessful.

In 2014, the City of Conroe contracted Lockwood Andrews and Newnam, Inc. (LAN) to design system rehabilitation and improvements. The major emphasis of improvements involved process modifications to allow nutrient removal, improve energy efficiency, and improve operations.

What is RIDS, and how will it protect BART trains on San Jose extension?

Although BART’s extension to San Jose is still about a year from opening, trains have already run along part of the 10-mile first phase to test a unique security system that can automatically stop trains where the transit system shares right-of-way (but not tracks) with the Union Pacific Railroad.

Intrusion-Detection System Protects Workers and Trains

In an effort to prevent train accidents on a new $2.3-billion, 10-mile-long extension line in San Francisco, the Berryessa-Valley Transportation Authority/Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) team is installing a railroad intrusion-detection system (RIDS) that uses warning devices originally developed for protecting shipping ports from break-ins.

The system will identify a piece of equipment that finds its way onto BART’s tracks, and the trains will be issued an immediate halt command, says Timothy Schmidt, senior associate and director in northern California for Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, the design manager.

LAN Brings Sun Metro Brio System to El Paso

Aiming to more efficiently move people from downtown El Paso, Texas, to the surrounding communities, the city created Sun Metro Brio, a new bus rapid transit system with help from Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam (LAN) of Houston.

“Bus rapid transit is like a rubber tire version of light rail,” says Margaret Schroeder, PE, MASCE, Engineering Division Manager for the city of El Paso. “It’s usually about a fifth of the cost of light rail. The focus is on providing fast, efficient service.”

Plant rehabilitation results in nutrient removal

The Conroe Southwest Regional Waste­water Treatment Plant (WWTP) in Conroe, Texas, was originally built in 1974 and had major improvements in 1987 and 1991. The last improvement project was undertaken in 2006 when fine-bubble aeration was implemented, along with the addition of single-stage, high-speed blowers in an effort to reduce energy costs. This last effort was largely unsuccessful due to hydraulic issues in the plant which caused the water surface elevation in the aeration basins to vary by more than a foot. The variation was too much for reliable operation of the installed blowers. The WWTP therefore had not seen any effective major renovation or rehabilitation efforts in more than 25 years.

PDF-editing software helps LAN achieve smarter electronic communication and collaboration

For years now, the transportation industry has been trending to more aggressive design and construction schedules, especially with design-build and other alternative delivery projects. Consequently, innovative tools that help meet today’s robust QC/QA requirements while achieving efficient staff utilization and collaboration across geographic regions have become more critical than ever before.

One such tool that is increasingly used in the transportation industry to simplify document management and speed up project communication is Bluebeam Revu, a PDF-editing software tailored to engineers and architects.

LAN Expands Facility Design Services in Central Texas

Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) announced that it is expanding its services in the Central Texas region with the addition of facility design architecture/engineering services.

Since 1982, LAN has called Austin home and has provided a variety of services including water and wastewater infrastructure, municipal planning, land and site development, and transportation services. With this addition, LAN will offer facility design, program management and construction management services to state, municipal, federal and educational clients in the region. To lead this effort, the firm hired Ted Armstrong, a national facility design expert, as a senior project manager and facility project director for the central region.

New Technology Monitors Commuter Rail Line

The automated system that will guide commuter trains from the San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system over the Berryessa Extension into Silicon Valley will be able to identify when anything from a child's fading helium balloon to a dislodged culvert pipe from a passing freight train enters the rail system's right-of-way, discern the level of threat posed by the object, and stop the train when needed.

BRT Benefits in El Paso

Almost a decade ago, forward-thinking leaders at the city of El Paso, Texas, set an ambitious goal: To revolutionize public transportation in El Paso by making it the least car-dependent city in the southwest. In 2006, the city hired First Transit Inc. to manage Sun Metro, the city’s mass transit department, and transform it into a first-class public transportation system. Next, Sun Metro began planning a new rapid transit system. In October 2014, Sun Metro took a major step to turn this vision into a reality when it introduced El Paso’s first bus rapid transit (BRT) service — Brio — along the Mesa Corridor.

Diamonds: A DOT's best friend

In October 2016, the Texas DOT is scheduled to bid a $60 million construction project for two miles of State Loop 1 that contains the intersection of State Loop 1 and Slaughter Lane in South Austin. The agency considered conventional diamond and single-point urban interchanges, but chose a configuration that’s gaining popularity for its safety and efficiency: the diverging diamond interchange (DDI).

Bay Area Rapid Transit works with LAN to deliver two-pronged intrusion detection system

When Bay Area Rapid Transit's (BART) Berryessa Extension opens for passenger service in 2017, it'll be the first transit-rail line in the country with an intrusion detection system that incorporates both video surveillance and wayside fence tilt sensors, the project's managers believe.

Huntsville ISD Selects LAN to Provide Conditions Assessment of its Facilities

(HOUSTON – August 08, 2016) The Huntsville Independent School District selected planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) to provide a condition assessment of its facilities.

While the District has spent money on its buildings in the past, those expenditures have been for building expansions or for smaller repairs. Many of the District’s aged buildings have not received the required funding to address the normal decline in building systems and finishes. The assessment will serve as a planning tool for the District’s short-term and long-term facility goals.

Paul Kullman, AIA, and Juan Mendoza Jr., PMI, Join LAN as Program Managers

Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) hired Paul Kullman, AIA, and Juan Mendoza Jr., PMI, as program managers. They will be responsible for planning, executing and finalizing the design and construction of higher education, federal and state projects. They also will be responsible for expanding the firm’s program management services in these markets.

EL PASO EXTENDS BUS RAPID TRANSIT

Brio is defined as energy and confidence, and the bright chartreuse, blue, and white buses and stations that encompass the Brio bus rapid transit (BRT) line in the City of El Paso, Texas, certainly embodies those concepts. Opened in 2014, the line has been so popular that it is now being extended to serve a key eastern portion of the city.

LAN Promotes Warren Green, P.E., to Chief Technical Officer

(HOUSTON – July 19, 2016) Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN), a planning, engineering and program management firm, has promoted Warren Green, P.E., to the position of chief technical officer.

Green, who is one of the firm’s vice presidents, will serve as the technical liaison across all of the firm’s business groups, assist with staffing plans to assure project quality, actively participate in project pursuits, develop and oversee technical presentations and publications, as well as assist with defining and implementing technical training. He also will assume the role of LAN’s corporate quality officer to assure overall quality and technical capabilities throughout the firm. Previously, Green served as the director of one of LAN’s infrastructure business groups, where he oversaw and coordinated business development efforts, production activities and operations.

Webber and LAN Build Newest Galveston Cruise Terminal Upon Unique Foundation

Adding terminal capacity to one of the busiest cruise ports in the country in Galveston, a design-build team created a $12.7 million terminal addition that rests on the foundation of an 1930s-era grain silo, a blend of new and old that works for the port.

Joseph Scarborough, P.E., Joins LAN as Port/Marine Project Manager

(HOUSTON – July 11, 2016) Joseph Scarborough, P.E., joins planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) as a project manager. In this role, he will be responsible for planning, design and construction management of marine and waterfront structures in the municipal and coastal port markets.

Charles Shumate, P.E., Joins LAN as Regional Director

(HOUSTON – July 05, 2016) Charles M. Shumate, P.E., joins planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) as a regional director. In this role, Shumate will manage the firm’s Houston Infrastructure Group.

Sheldon ISD Selects LAN as Program Manager for $285 Million Bond Program

(HOUSTON – June 27, 2016) The Sheldon Independent School District has selected Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) as the program manager for its $285 million bond program. The bond program is the largest in the District’s history.

A NEW DIAMOND FOR AUSTIN

June 7, 2016—The Texas Department of Transportation (TxDOT) and its consultants are completing the engineering design of a 2.069 mi, $53-million project that will alleviate congestion on Loop 1 on the west side of Austin—known locally as the MoPac Expressway, for the Missouri Pacific Railroad—a critical north-south artery in the state's capital. To accomplish this, the department plans to use both a traditional diamond intersection at one point (on La Crosse Avenue) and an uncommon diverging diamond intersection (DDI) at another (Slaughter Lane).

LAN Promotes Two Employees to Team Leader

Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. has promoted Melissa C. Mack, P.E., and Johnathan Terrazas, P.E., to the position of team leader. Mack has 18 years of experience and is LAN’s lead hydraulic and transient modeling engineer. Terrazas, who joined LAN in 2006, leads the firm’s structural & bridge team

A Model Tool

Quantitative watershed master planning in the hydrologic and hydraulic field has been a standard practice for many decades. However, rural and urban runoff water quality management using BMPs and low impact development (LID) generally has been limited to qualitative planning, mostly due to the lack of suitable tools to conduct quantitative assessment.

LAN Opens New Office in Oakland

(OAKLAND, Calif. – May 31, 2016) Planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) announced the opening of its new office in Oakland, Calif.

The firm’s new office at 1901 Harrison St, Suite 1100, Oakland, will offer water and transportation services to LAN’s clients in and around the region. David Wemmer, P.E., who recently joined the firm as its California rail and transit director, will be responsible for leading the office.

Abandoned Grain Silo Foundation Provides Fix at Cruise Ship Terminal Project

Teams are a week away from substantial completion on an expansion project at the Port of Galveston’s Cruise Terminal No. 2. This $12 million renovation adds a 60,000-sq-ft expansion to the existing 90,000-sq-ft terminal.

David Wemmer, P.E., Joins LAN as California Rail and Transit Director

(LOS ANGELES – May 19, 2016) David Wemmer, P.E., joins planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) as California rail and transit director. In this role, Wemmer will be responsible for expanding the firm’s rail and transit practice in California.

Wemmer has more than 36 years of experience in the railway industry. His expertise ranges from conceptual studies to detailed design, preparation of contract documents, environmental documents and construction services. He has managed a variety of multi-disciplined railway and municipal projects, including high speed, light, commuter and freight rail corridors and extensions, facility rehabilitation and capacity improvements, grade separations and crossings, stations, bridges, vehicle maintenance facilities, utilities and railroad company coordination.

SSH Joint Venture Creates $2.3B BART Silicon Valley Berryessa Extension

Threading a rail line through the congested corridor from Fremont, California, into Silicon Valley may have presented challenges to the design-build team, but as the Santa Clara Valley Transportation (VTA) regional Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) Silicon Valley Berryessa Extension nears completion, the $2.3 billion project remains on budget and ahead of schedule.

Silicon Valley Gears up for Regional Transit

In fall 2017, Silicon Valley transportation and community leaders, businesses, and residents will celebrate their long-awaited dream of bringing regional transit service to the South Bay area when the first phase of the BART Silicon Valley Extension — also known as the Berryessa Extension — opens to the public.

Williamson County Selects LAN to Design New Roadway to River Ranch County Park

(AUSTIN – April 22, 2016) Williamson County has selected planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) to provide engineering services for intersection improvements at Bagdad Road and County Road 278

Chris Masters, P.E., Joins LAN as Vice President and Transit Leader

(DALLAS – April 06, 2016) Chris Masters, P.E., joins planning, engineering and program management firm Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN) as vice president and a transit leader in its Transportation Business Group. In this role, Masters will be responsible for expanding the firm’s transit practice.

Nueces County Appoints Scott Harris, P.E., to CCRTA Board of Directors

(CORPUS CHRISTI, Texas – March 18, 2016) Nueces County has appointed Scott Harris, P.E., to its Corpus Christi Regional Transportation Authority (CCRTA) board of directors. An eleven member board of directors governs the CCRTA, which was created in 1985 to provide quality accessible and affordable transportation to the residents of Nueces and San Patricio Counties.

DALLAS WELCOMES STREETCAR RENAISSANCE

March 15, 2016—When city leaders in Dallas began considering ways to better connect the downtown area such neighborhoods to the southwest as North Oak Cliff and the trendy and eclectic Bishop Arts District, a modern streetcar system quickly rose to the top of the options list. Such systems have light, nimble vehicles that blend seamlessly into the urban and community fabric and can be very reliable.

CHALLENGES OF RELOCATING LARGE WATER MAINS FOR RAIL SYSTEM EXPANSION

On Feb. 7, the city of Santa Clara celebrated a major milestone when it hosted Super Bowl 50 at the state-of the-art Levi’s stadium, home of the San Francisco 49ers. Next year, the city will celebrate another milestone with the completion of the 10-mile Berryessa Extension, the first phase of Bay Area Rapid Transit’s commuter rail extension south to San Jose, thanks to Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority’s (VTA) vision.

Dev Rastogi: The Business Builder

As the daughter of a physician and homemaker/Montessori school teacher who emigrated to the United States in the late-1960s and moved around from New York to Iowa to their longest-lasting home in Little Rock, Ark., Devarati (Dev) Rastogi. P.E., vice president and managing director of the Transportation Business Group at Lockwood, Andrews & Newnam, Inc. (LAN), experienced the sights of many different cities as she grew up. Both her mother, Kusum, and her father, Shivnandan, encouraged all three of their children to pursue their interests. Rastogi had a clear penchant for mathematics and anything that was problem-solving related.

Something Old, Something New in Terminal Expansion

March 8, 2016—Later this year, when passengers breeze through the renovated and expanded Cruise Terminal Number 2 at the Port of Galveston in Texas on their way to board Royal Caribbean's mammoth Liberty of the Seas , they will have no clue that the bright, open structure rests on robust foundations designed by engineers in the early 1900s to support massive grain silos.

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